Civil Engineering – Career Opportunities

Civil Engineering is the oldest and most respected discipline of all engineering fields. This is a broad field of Engineering that deals with planning, construction and maintenance of permanent structures including air ports, bridge, canals, dam docks, harbors, coastal protections, hotels, power stations, railway and roads, warehouses, water supply & waste disposal systems & treatment plants.

Motive to start Civil engineering course is to develop Entrepreneurs, Civil Engineer and consultant who design or build civil works to make the world more agreeable place to live and also serve our nation by joining Military Engineering services.

How about the longest bridge? What if you could be the person who figured out how to span the continent with an interconnected transit system, which allowed people to travel from New York to Los Angeles without a single stop light? The world of Civil Engineering is a world of creating things that others say can’t be created, making the structures that define our modern world.

Other than military engineering, civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline in the world, with a history that goes back over 4,000 years. The royal engineers of Pharaoh’s court devised the pyramids of Egypt as a final resting place for their king. Since then, civil engineers have created structures which have marveled the world; everything from the Great Wall of China, to the Colosseum in Italy, to the Taj Majal in India to the pyramid of Chichen Itza, Mexico. In fact, all seven of the Wonders of the World were designed and created by civil engineers. The following are the different areas:

  • Structural engineering – creating the structural elements of design, whether for bridges, or skyscrapers. Probably the oldest single specialty in civil engineering, going all the way back to Pharaoh’s pyramids.
  • Geotechnical engineering – concerned with the rock and soil which supports the structures that other civil engineers design.
  • Environmental engineering – designing systems for the treatment of chemical, biological and thermal wastes.
  • Materials engineering – these are the experts on the various materials which other civil engineers use for their projects.
  • Water resource engineering – concerned with the collection and management of water. Some of the earliest known civil engineers were the Roman engineers who created the aqueducts.
  • Earthquake engineering – a specialty dealing with creating buildings and other structures which can withstand the stresses of earthquakes without falling.
  • Coastal engineering – managing the coastal areas of our country, including marshlands. Coastal engineers create defenses against flooding and erosion.
Career Choices

This career path shows many of the options available for civil engineers who have chosen a career in government. Some leave the technical engineering path as they progress and move into Government management. At this level, additional leadership training and education in public administration or business management is recommended. Whether planning to stay on the technical track or not, government engineers should seek additional training in their area of technical expertise to advance within their organizations. Government engineers are often involved in developing policy and standards for the profession and general public.

The career path for higher education requires an advanced degree, including a doctorate in most cases. Civil engineers in academia may be involved in teaching, writing grants, conducting research, and working with graduate students. Publishing research findings and obtaining grant funding for your academic institution are key elements to success in this career path.

Consulting firms offer a wide array of career possibilities. In a small firm, an engineer may rise rapidly to management and be responsible for technical expertise, project engineering, project management, and project development. In addition, these engineers may manage the business side of the firm including corporate strategy, business development, marketing, operations, and human resources. In a large firm, three basic tracks emerge once you are licensed as a professional engineer: technical, management, and business development. The first path is to become a technical expert. This path allows you to work on various design projects throughout the firm. The expert is encouraged to mentor other engineers as they work together on the design and construction phase of projects. While this path typically does not lead to corporate management, it is a core competence the firm’s reputations built upon.

The second path is management. Those who choose management stay on the business side, taking on responsibility for small projects and then moving to larger ones. The management track typically includes minimal design work since the employee is focused on overall project management (budgets, staff, resources, etc.) as opposed to design.

The third track, business development, involves pursuing new projects and work for the company. This includes developing business relationships, writing proposals, and eventually determining where the industry is heading and how your company is going to fit in.

Civil Engineers in industry work for various organizations including Fortune 1000 firms (manufacturing, pharmaceutical, industrial, technology providers, etc.), retail companies (grocery stores, shopping malls), and real estate managers (hotels, entertainment venues, etc), health services providers (hospitals), colleges and universities, power and energy utilities, and other privately owned companies. These civil engineers use their skills to manage facilities, deliver successful projects, and provide goods and services to the general public.

This figure illustrates career options for civil engineers who have chosen to work in construction management. In addition to the standard requirements, courses in marketing, business development, site safety, risk management, quality control, quality assurance, scheduling, estimating, and contracting are highly recommended. Field experience is the key to being successful in construction management.

The following are the links of some ongoing construction projects:

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